CPR for Adults
If you’re in an emergency, CALL 000
The guide below is for use on adults or children over eight years old.
You can find our specific guides on CPR for children, infants and pregnancy, HERE.
The information below does NOT replace first aid training. If you haven’t been certified in first aid and CPR, we highly recommend doing so before attempting to administer CPR.
Before beginning CPR
Make sure you follow the DRSABCD action plan. This ensures you perform the vital steps necessary before beginning CPR.
How To preform CPR on an adult or child over eight years old:
1. Kneel beside the patient and place them on a firm surface, preferably on their back.
2. Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the chest, with the other hand interlocked on top.
3. Straighten your arm and position yourself over the top of the patient’s chest.
4. Use the weight of your body and push your hands down to roughly 1/3 of the depth of their chest.
5. Release the pressure and push down again.
After 30 Compressions, give two rescue breaths.
6. To ensure that the patient is in the correct position, place one hand on their forehead and the other hand under their chin to tilt their head back.
7. Pinch their nose with your thumb and index finger aund use your otherhand to open their mouth.
8. Take a breath and form a seal around the patient’s mouth. Blow for about one second and look for the chest to rise and fall. Then give a second breath.
*Repeat the process and aim to do five cycles per two minutes. If you get tired, swap with someone else every five cycles.
Using an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
Most businesses house an AED, so if an AED is available, use it.
If an AED is available, attach the pads as demonstrated in the picture and follow its instructions.
The AED looks at the heart rhythm every two minutes and may deliver a shock to the patient. It will tell you before it does so.
Between every analysis, continue performing CPR.
When to stop CPR
Only stop CPR if one of the following occurs:
- The person’s breathing returns to normal
- It is impossible to continue
- A health care professional takes over
- The situation becomes too dangerous to continue.
If the patient starts breathing
If the patient begins to breathe on their own, place them in the recovery position, as shown to the right and continue to monitor them closely.